Enjoying the rich history and sweet Gelato 🍦
Last visited: 2023, 2015
October 1, 2015
Rome - Wiki
- is the capital city of Italy. With 2,860,009 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi). the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits.
- According to the Ancient Romans' founding myth, the name Roma came from the city's founder and first king, Romulus.
- Rome's history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC. making it a major human settlement for almost three millennia and one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe.
- Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.
- In 2019, Rome was the 14th most visited city in the world, with 8.6 million tourists, the third most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist destination in Italy.
- Rome is also the seat of several specialised agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
Places to visit:
- It is a Roman temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome.
- The emperor Hadrian (A.D 117-138 second century Roman architecture) built the Pantheon to replace Augustus’ friend and Commander Marcus Agrippa’s Pantheon of 27 B.C. which burnt to the ground in 80 A.D.
- It is the oldest building in Rome built in 27 A.C originally.
- The Great bronze doors guard the entrance to the cella and would have been covered in gold, but it has long since disappeared.
- The Pantheon exists today in such amazing form because the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave it to Pope Boniface the IV in A.D 608 and it was used as a church ever since.
- They used light material at the top of the dome, Pumice rock that is filled with bubbles of has. This rock is formed when Lava and high content to was discharges from a volcano.
- The oculus was never covered and rain falls into the interior and runs off the slightly convex floor to the still functioning Roman drainpipes underneath
- 18th-century fountain (was finished in 1762 by Pannini), Standing 26.3 meters (86 ft) high and 49.15 meters (161.3 ft) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world.
- The name of the Latin fountain derives from the Latin word Trivium (intersection of three streets)
- Coins are purportedly meant to be thrown using the right hand over the left shoulder. This was the theme of 1954's Three Coins in the Fountain.YouTube Video. The legend also says if you toss money in you likely to return to Rome.
- An estimated 3,000 euros are thrown into the fountain each day.
- Monumental 3-tiered Roman amphitheater once used for gladiatorial games, with guided tour option.
- largest ancient amphitheatre ever built, and is still the largest standing amphitheatre in the world today, was completed in 80 AD
- The Colosseum is built of travertine limestone, tuff (volcanic rock), and brick-faced concrete. It could hold an estimated 50,000 to 80,000 spectators at various points in its history
- it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles including animal hunts, executions, reenactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Roman mythology, and briefly mock sea battles.
- listed as one of the New7Wonders of the World.
- The name Colosseum is believed to be derived from a colossal statue of Nero on the model of the Colossus of Rhodes.
- It is elliptical in plan and is 189 meters (615 ft / 640 Roman feet) long, and 156 meters (510 ft / 528 Roman feet) wide, with a base area of 24,000 square metres (6 acres). The height of the outer wall is 48 meters (157 ft / 165 Roman feet)
- is one of the most ancient parts of the city and has been called "the first nucleus of the Roman Empire.” The site is now mainly a large open-air museum
- Imperial palaces were built here, starting with Augustus. Before imperial times the hill was mostly occupied by the houses of the rich.
- According to Livy (59 BC – AD 17) the Palatine hill got its name from the Arcadian settlers from Pallantium (Pallantium was an ancient city near the Tiber river on the Italian peninsula).,
- 1st-century AD honorific arch. It was constructed in c. 81 AD by the Emperor Domitian
- The arch has provided the general model for many triumphal arches erected since the 16th century—perhaps most famously it is the inspiration for the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France.
- Measures: 15.4 meters (50 ft) in height, 13.5 meters (44 ft) in width, 4.75 meters (15.5 ft) in depth
- is a large national monument built between 1885 and 1935 to honour Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy
- The structure is 135 m (443 ft) wide, 130 m (427 ft) deep, and 70 m (230 ft) high.
- The building also has a viewing platform that is worth exploring.
- is a public open space in Rome, Italy. It is built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian, built in the 1st century AD, and follows the form of the open space of the stadium. The ancient Romans went there to watch the agones ("games"), and hence it was known as "Circus Agonalis" ("competition arena"). It is believed that over time the name changed to in avone to navone and eventually to navona.
- usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo English: Castle of the Holy Angel
- It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family.
- The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum. The structure was once the tallest building in Rome.
- slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinità dei Monti, dominated by the Trinità dei Monti church, at the top.
- stairway of 135 steps was built with French diplomat Étienne Gueffier's in 1723–1725.
- Giolitti is a well-known café and pastry shop, and reportedly the oldest ice cream parlor in Rome, Italy. It was founded in 1890. Soon after, they became the supplier of the Italian royal family.
- All the ice cream is made from 7am and served at 10am until 1am.
- It became independent from Italy with the Lateran Treaty (1929), and it is a distinct territory under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See, itself a sovereign entity of international law, which maintains the city state's temporal, diplomatic, and spiritual independence.
- With an area of 49 hectares (121 acres) and a population of about 825, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. Jan 21.
- Ruled by the pope who is the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church.
- The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by donations from the faithful, by the sale of postage stamps and souvenirs, fees for admission to museums, and sales of publications. Vatican City has no taxes and items are duty-free
- Sites to see such as:
- St. Peter's Basilica - Wiki - is a church built in the Renaissance style completed on 18 November 1626.
- The Sistine Chapel - Wiki - Official residence of the pope. The chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV, who had it built between 1473 and 1481. The fame of the Sistine Chapel lies mainly in the frescoes that decorate the interior, most particularly the Sistine Chapel ceiling and The Last Judgment, both by Michelangelo.
- Vatican Museums. - Wiki - They display works from the immense collection amassed by the Catholic Church and the papacy throughout the centuries. The museums contain roughly 70,000 works, of which 20,000 are on display. Pope Julius II founded the museums in the early 16th century
- La Casa del Caffè Tazza d'Oro - Location
- Sant' Eustachio Il Caffè - Location
- Coffee shop since 1938. Must try pastry ‘Lobster tail’
- Roscioli Caffè Pasticceria (Cafè / Dessert store) - Location
Last visited: Oct 2015
- Museo Vespa (museum) - Location
- Elephant and Obelisk - Location
- Knights of Malta Keyhole - Location
- Basilica di Santo Stefano Rotondo al Celio (Chruch) - Location
- Via Appia Antica (Long Cycling route out of time) Closed to traffic on Sundays - Location
- Passetto di Borgo - Erected in 1277, this elevated walkway has historically served as an escape from danger. Tours only open in Summer only during a key event. - Location
- National Gallery of Ancient Art in Barberini Palace (Art museum) - Location
- Borghese Gallery and Museum (Art museum) Closed mon, book in advance. - Location
- St. Clement Basilica - LocationFood
- Antico Forno Roscioli (Bakery / Pizza)- Location
- Trapizzino (Pizza) - Location
- Osteria da Fortunata (Restaurant) - Location
- Testaccio market (Food markets) - Location
- Osteria delle Coppelle (Italian Tapas) - Location
- Drink Kong (Bar) - Location
- Freni e Frizoni (bar) - Place used to be an old car garage - Location
- Voodoo Bar - Location
- Club Derrière (speakeasy style bar) - Location