Gibraltar - Wiki
- Is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula and bordered to the north by Spain.
- Approximately 40% of Gibraltar's land area was declared a nature reserve in 1993
- As of 2009 home to over 32,000 people, primarily Gibraltarians.
- In 1704, Anglo-Dutch forces captured Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession.
- It became an important base for the Royal Navy, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars and World War II, as it controlled the narrow entrance and exit to the Mediterranean Sea, the Strait of Gibraltar, which is only 14.3 km (8.9 mi) wide.
- Gibraltar's economy is based largely on tourism, online gambling, financial services, and bunkering (Fueling ships).
- Gibraltarians overwhelmingly rejected proposals for Spanish sovereignty in a 1967 referendum, and for shared sovereignty in a 2002 referendum. 98% voted no.
- During the Second World War, most of Gibraltar's civilian population was evacuated, mainly to London, but also to parts of Morocco and Madeira and to Gibraltar Camp in Jamaica.
- Gibraltar's territory covers 6.7 square km (2.6 sq mi) and shares a 1.2-kilometre (0.75 mi) land border with Spain.
- The Monkey’s in Gibraltar are Barbary macaque a tailless species Originally from the Atlas Mountains and the Rif Mountains of Morocco.
- The Monkeys were under Military care and was part of the government budgets sent from the War Office being £4 a month in 1944 for The food allowance of fruit, vegetables and nuts. Wiki
- They would humorously announce births in the 'Gibraltar Chronicle':— "Rock Apes. Births: To Phyllis, wife of Tony, at the Upper Rock, on 30th June 1942— a child. Both doing well."
Places to visit:
- Great Siege of Gibraltar, which lasted from 1779 to 1783. The tunnel was dug near the end of the siege.
- Rock Gun Battery Location - Wiki - It was used effectively during the Great Siege and was rebuilt during the Second World War
- In 2005, the radio farm was closed and the Ministry of Defence withdrew from most of the area, transferring it to the Government of Gibraltar. However, the summit, the site of the Rock Gun Battery, continues to be under MOD authority.
Rock of Gibraltar - Wiki
- Skywalk Gibraltar is viewing spot worth going to Location
- The rock is 426 m (1,398 ft) high
- In February 1997, it was revealed the British had a secret plan called Operation Tracer to conceal servicemen in tunnels beneath the Rock in case the Germans captured it. The team in the rock would have radio equipment with which to report enemy movements. The Germans never got close to capturing the rock and so the men were never sealed inside. The team was disbanded to resume civilian life when the war ended.
Moorish Castle - Website - Location - Wiki
- This Castle is a relic of Moorish rule over Gibraltar, which lasted for 710 years. It was built in the year A.D. 711, when the Berber chieftain Tariq ibn-Ziyad first landed on the rock that still bears his name.
- Small educational area to explore law and order, food, exodus and other area of life during the Great Siege of Gibraltar, which lasted from 1779 to 1783.
- Cave & occasional concert venue with intricate limestone formations showcased with colorful lights.
- Or called Old St. Michael's Cave is the name given to a network of limestone caves located within the Upper Rock Nature Reserve.
- The numerous stalactites and stalagmites in the cave are formed by an accumulation of traces of dissolved rock deposited by water dripping from the ground above.
- In 1974 a Neolithic bowl was discovered in the cave, one of many examples which prove that the cave was known to prehistoric humans.
- During the Victorian era (19th century) the cave was used as a venue for picnics, parties, concerts, weddings and even duels.
- Sometime before 1840, a Colonel Mitchell and a second officer got lost in the caves and were never seen again. Their disappearance led to extensive explorations of the cave system in 1840, 1857 and 1865, but no evidence of the officers' whereabouts was found. Further exploration was carried out between 1936 and 1938, when a scientific expedition was mounted and every known part of the cave system was explored, but again no human remains were found.
- During World War II the entire cave was prepared for use as an emergency military hospital. It was never used as such.
- Established in 1816, this subtropical garden on 6 hectares offers military monuments & guided tours.
- It was his intention that the soldiers stationed in the fortress would have a pleasant recreational area to enjoy when off duty, and so inhabitants could enjoy the air protected from the extreme heat of the sun.
- Also known as the Trinity Lighthouse at Europa Point and the Victoria Tower
- First built in 1841, this lighthouse at Gibraltar's southernmost point.
- Height of Tower 20m
Windsor Suspension Bridge - Location
- Considered to be one of the last known habitations of the Neanderthals in Europe
- The cave is named after Captain A. Gorham of the 2nd Battalion Royal Munster Fusiliers, who discovered it in 1907 while opening a fissure at the rear of a sea cavern. Gorham inscribed his name and the date of his discovery in lamp-black on the wall of the cave
- When first inhabited some 55,000 years ago, it would have been approximately 5 km (3.1 mi) from the shore, but, due to changes in sea level, it is now only a few meters from the Mediterranean Sea.
- Gibraltar's only World Heritage site.
Gibraltar Cable Car - Location